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高考英语强调句√

2022-04-26 学院 17 ℃ 0 评论
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强调句综合考点

一、强调句定义

强调句是指对句子中的某些成分进行强调突出,比如主语、宾语、状语、表语、宾语补足语等。常考对主语、宾语、状语的强调。

二、强调句型分类

1.基本类强调句型: It is/was...that/who...

(1)肯定句:It is/was +被强调的内容+that/who+其它

Tom invited Linda to have dinner yesterday. 昨天Tom邀请了Linda吃晚餐。

①It wasTomthatinvited Linda to have dinner yesterday. (强调主语Tom)

②It wasLindathatTom invited to have dinner yesterday. (强调宾语Linda)

③It wasyesterdaythatTom invited Linda to have dinner. (强调时间状语yesterday)

(2)一般疑问句:Was/Is+it+被强调的内容+that/who+其它?

Was itTomthatinvited Linda to have dinner yesterday?昨天是Tom邀请了Linda吃晚餐吗?(强调询问邀请Linda吃晚餐的人是不是Tom)

(3)特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词(询问被强调的内容)+was/is it that+其它?

What was it thatTom invited Linda to do yesterday?昨天Tom邀请了Linda去做什么呢?(强调询问Tom邀请Linda做的事情)

2."not...until..."强调句型

not...until...直到......才......→强调:It is/was not until +被强调的内容+that+其它(强调原句until后的内容,注意强调句里已经将not前置到until,that后内容便不用再否定了)

用not until强调Tom回来:Wewill nothave supperuntilTom comes back. 直到Tom回来,我们才会吃晚饭。

It is not untilTom comes backthatwe will have supper.(It is not until...that...强调Tom回来Tom comes back,that后不用not)

4."do/did/does+动词原形"强调句型

主语+do/did/does+动词原形+其它(这类强调句通常强调谓语动词,时态主要有一般现在时和一般过去时)

Tomdidwriteto Linda yesterday. 昨天Tom确实写了信给Linda。(强调写了信did write)

5.其它常见类强调句型

Whaton earthis the matter there? 那里到底发生什么事?

Wherethe devildid you lose your pen? 你究竟在哪里丢了你的笔?

Whatin the worldwas he doing at that moment? 那时候他到底在干什么?

Howthe hellcan you deal with a such a matter? 你到底怎么处理这类情况?

三、强调句注意点

1.It is/was +强调的内容+that/who+其他,只能用it,只能用is/was。

用强调句翻译:Tom和Linda在这次会议中起到了很大作用。

①ThatwasTom and Lindawhoplayed a great role in the meeting.(X) →只能用It

②ItwereTom and Lindathatplayed a great role in the meeting.(X) →只能用is/was,这里用was

③It wasTom and Lindathat/whoplayed a great role in the meeting.(√)

2.去掉“It is/was和that/who”,句子结构仍然完整,句子意思仍然明确。

It isTomwhooften helps me with my English. Tom经常教我英语。(去掉It is和who,句子剩下Tom often helps me with my English.句子结构完整,句意明确)

3.连接词一般用that,当强调部分是人时,既可用that也可用who,当强调部分是非人时,只用that。尤其注意强调部分是时间状语或地点状语时,不能用when或where。

用强调句翻译:昨天Tom回来了。

①It wasyesterdaywhenTom came back.(X) →不能用when

②It wasyesterdaythatTom came back.(√)

4.主谓一致: that/who后谓语动词形式要与强调部分的主语保持一致。

It is Tom with her parents that______(live) in Guangzhou now. Tom和他的父母现在住在广州。(填lives,强调主语Tom with her parents,这里考虑with涉及的就远原则,真正的主语是Tom,所以that后的谓语动词跟随Tom用动词三单形式lives)

5.强调句与定语从句的区别

He is one of myfriendswhoareplaying football on the playground.他是我正在操场上踢足球的朋友中的一个。(定语从句修饰先行词为friends,定语从句里be动词用are)

②It isone of his friendswhoisplaying football on the playground. 他一个朋友正在操场上踢足球。(强调句强调主语他的一个朋友one of his friends,去掉It iswho,句子基本意思完整,句子结构仍然完整,注意这里who后的be动词和one保持一致,用is)

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Tags:高考英语

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